What A Destination Park on the Dix Campus Means to Downtown

View of Downtown Raleigh from the Dorothea Dix Campus

There was a lot of news last week on the future of the campus, located southwest of downtown, and how our state governor is making moves to turn it into a destination park. The controversy here is how best to use the 306 acres of undeveloped, state-owned land. Park land, sell it off, or some combination of both?

Talks have been going on for close to a decade here and now with real action taking place by the city and the governor, the politics show up.

This is a billion-dollar giveaway of taxpayer resources to Raleigh elites for another state taxpayer funded cultural amenity.

*Governor Perdue’s Dorothea Dix Giveaway Bad for Taxpayers [UPDATE 4-15-14: Broken Link]

Raleigh readers, we’re elitists apparently for wanting the campus to be a park.

We’re elitists because we’ve proved that parks are important to citizens through the voter approval of multiple bonds over the last few decades. That’s clear that using the Dix property as a park is a waste.

Opponents to the park have floated around the idea of selling the property to private developers to build new and allow more businesses to come in, creating jobs. It’s possible that incentives could be used to lure companies to this location.

At a time when results from state incentives are unchecked, what’s the cost of losing the land once it’s gone? How many times does a section of a city go from developed to park land? Is it really worth it to use incentives on businesses to set up here with this “zero-sum game?”

In my opinion in this age of the automobile, companies can set up in different locations. I can point you to Research Triangle Park for the best example. Why sell off valuable land, at a time when Raleigh is trying to build density, that will only dilute development even more?

An interesting thing to consider in this controversy is the urban versus rural politics topic. It is clear that this country, North Carolina is no exception, is becoming divided along urban/rural lines. In this great post on The Atlantic Cities:

This divide between blue city and red countryside has been growing for some time. Since 1984, more and more of America’s major cities have voted blue each year, culminating in 2012, when 27 out of the nation’s 30 most populous cities voted Democratic.

*Why the Urban-Rural Voting Divide Matters

So calling us “Raleigh elites” is clearly a jab at us city folk. I’ve driven and biked through the neighborhoods around the Dix property and there is nothing elitist about it. The neighborhoods are modest and middle-class.

But enough of the politics. For Downtown Raleighites and density fans, if 306 acres are made into park land, it helps urbanity in and around the city center.

I would imagine that to a developer, the Dix campus has a big question mark over it and there’s too much risk to develop around it. The future isn’t certain. If made into a park, the path that the land and the surrounding properties will take is more predictable and that is something businesses and developers respond too.

You could compare it to the rail versus bus comparison in terms of development. Would you rather invest close to a rail stop or a bus stop?

A park at Dix would be a huge shot in the arm for urban fans in Raleigh as resulting development around the park, therefore adjacent to downtown, would be denser. This results in more walkable, bikable neighborhoods and more Raleighites thinking more on their feet than within their car.

The NC Council of State is planning to discuss a vote whether to enter into a lease agreement with Raleigh for the property tomorrow, Tuesday December 4. Stay tuned as I think this is a big one.

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The perimeter of Dix needs to be developed with housing, hotels and retail/restaurants (similar to Central Park), leaving the larger interior portion of the property for a large park with entertainment for kids (with a manmade lake).

This needs to be done right. It is exciting, but for all the land to be a park, is a waste of an opportunity to bring more people downtown with more amenities

Finding the right amenities and the right balance of park land vs developed amenities will be the trick.

In order to have a maximum effect on DT Raleigh, the adjacent property needs to be considered in the long view of things. Frankly my biggest issue with this new park is that it essentially can’t be “walked to” for most from any DT neighborhood. Not only does Central Prison provide a fortified barrier to the area from adjacent neighborhoods but Western Boulevard plows through there at 45mph (but really faster) speeds. In order for the Dix property to fulfill its maximum value as an urban park, I think the following needs to occur:
1. Relocate Central Prison (good luck on this one) and the Governor Morehead School to allow for continuous parkland from Pullen Park to Dix Hill.
2. Establish walking tunnels under and/or walking bridges over the adjacent railroad tracks to connect the northern border of the park to West Morgan neighborhoods.
3. Open access and trails from the Boylan Heights neighborhood to the former prison land.
4. Depress Western Boulevard for the stretch from Boylan Heights to the current Morehead School property allowing for walking and biking trails to connect the Dix property across Western Boulevard.

I agree with overhead walkways and tunnels. I would like to see mini light rail connecting Dix Park, to Downtown Raleigh to NC State to Farmers Market to Cameron Village. This is a no brainer. to connect all these locations gives one stop shopping (you could park at any location and have access to all 5 locations without getting in your car.

The prison and homeless shelters and all that need to be moved away from downtown and relocated to somewhere a little outside. Downtown is too small to be filled up with stuff that depresses the area.

Has there been anything else said about this development? Was up there today and it really is a lovely spot but very run down indeed.

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